63 million in India do not have access to clean water: Report
|Source: The Hitavada Date: 22 Mar 2017 09:29:07|
INDIA has the maximum number of people -- 63 million -- living in rural areas without access to clean water, according to a new global report released to mark World Water Day on Wednesday.
This is almost the population of the United Kingdom, said “Wild Water”, a report on the state of the world’s water.
Lack of Government planning, competing demands, rising population and water-draining agricultural practices are all placing increasing strain on water, said the WaterAid’s report.
Without access to clean water, 63 million people are living in rural areas in India. Diseases such as cholera, blinding trachoma, malaria and dengue are expected to become more common and malnutrition more prevalent, it said. Rural communities dependent on farming to make a living will struggle to grow food and feed livestock amid soaring temperatures, and women -- typically responsible for collecting water -- may have to walk even greater distances during prolonged dry seasons, the report forewarned. Describing India as one of the world’s fastest growing economies, it said ensuring water security for the growing population is one of the main challenges facing the country.
According to India’s official Ground Water Resources Assessment, more than one-sixth of the country’s groundwater supply is currently overused.
“Droughts have become almost a way of life in the Bundelkhand region of North-Central India. Here, three consecutive droughts have pushed millions of people into a vicious cycle of hunger and poverty,” it said.
The report warns about the implications of extreme weather events and climate change for the world’s poorest.