State shows similar ratio to African nations when it comes to infant mortality rate

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 06 Mar 2017 11:12:50


Staff Reporter,

Durg,

Mar 5,

Out of all districts, Surguja recorded the maximum infant mortality rate of 61 deaths per 1000 live births in age group of 0 to 1 years

Gynaecologists and other health experts are worried regarding the figures and want to spread more awareness regarding the care of pregnant woman

In spite of so many awareness as well as measures taken by Chhattisgarh Health Services and National Health Mission, there are no further changes in the death of infants below the age of 1 years and at present, 54 infants were died in 1000 live births, a level equal to that of African nations like Uganda, Libya and Niger, under developed nations of the world. Meanwhile, in the duration of last one decade, infant mortality rate of both 0 to 1 years and 1 to 5 years has been declined but not so much like other states consist of Maharashtra, West Bengal and Telangana. After Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh stands at second position in the deaths of infants amongst all states and union territories.


According to the reports of National Family Health Report of 2016, infant mortality rate of the Chhattisgarh in age group of 0 to 1 years was recorded 54 per 1000 live births (44 per 1000 live births in urban parts while 56 per 1000 live births in rural parts). On the other hand, in infant mortality rate in the age of 1 to 5 years, state recorded 64 deaths per 1000 live births (51 per 1000 live births in urban parts and 68 per 1000 live births in rural parts).


In 2006, infant mortality rate of children (0 to 1 years) and (1 to 5 years) was registered at 71 deaths per 1000 live births and 90 deaths per 1000 live births respectively. In this condition, it is true that state saw a decline in the deaths of children below 5 years but still it did not achieve a goal of southern states like Kerala where infant mortality rate was registered 6 per 1000 live births as equivalent to USA and Tamil Nadu 19 per 1000 live births as equivalent to China. In fact national infant mortality rate was also registered 40 deaths per 1000 live births.


Both gynaecologists as well as pediatricians and other health experts are worried regarding the figures and want to spread more awareness regarding the care of pregnant woman, new born child and also child below the age of 5 years as their immune system is weak they can easily come in contact of many infections and diseases.
Out of all districts, Surguja recorded the maximum infant mortality rate of 61 deaths per 1000 live births in 0 to 1 years and 80 per 1000 live births in 1 to 5 years followed by its neighbouring district Jashpur which has infant mortality rate (0 to 1 year) and (1 to 5 years) was 59 per 1000 live births and 79 per 1000 live births respectively. While in Bastar division, Sukma district saw the maximum deaths of infants below the age of 1 year as 58 deaths per 1000 live births and in Bilaspur division, Mungeli registered maximum 57 deaths per 1000 live births in infant mortality rate below the age of 1 year. Only Durg, and Dhamtari were two districts which showed little improvement in infant mortality rate as 32 deaths per 1000 live births and 34 deaths per 1000 live births.
‘There has been a focus on infant mortality rate as part of millennium development goals but problem is that entire state is facing acute shortage of doctors especially specialist ones to deal with it’ said Dr. Archana Chouhan, renowned gynecologist. She also added that only with the set up of sick born care unit in hospital, no one can solve this matter.


On the other hand, Dr Ajay Dani, well known pediatrician and deputy director of health in children also showed his concern over high infant mortality rate across Chhattisgarh.


When contacted, Subratoo Sahoo, Principal Secretary of Chhattisgarh Health Services did not respond the calls and remained unavailable for comment.