Source: The Hitavada      Date: 07 Jul 2017 11:11:35


FROM the days of ballot papers and time-consuming, cumbersome manual counting of votes to the present technological advancement, the electoral process has undergone change beyond recognition. So much so that the entire world is taking cognisance of the Indian electoral process. But the Election Commission (EC) is not sitting on its laurels. It has shown willingness to listen to suggestions of technical experts, objections raised by political parties occasionally and bring about changes accordingly. After much hue and cry raised by Opposition parties over the efficacy of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) as a reliable voting tool, the EC has agreed to provide paper trail of ballots so that there is no manipulation of votes cast by tampering with the machines. Now the EC has launched further technological advancement by introducing tamper detection mechanism in the EVMs to be used in the 2019 polls. The machines will stop will stop whenever there is any attempt to tamper them. This should provide the answer to those who are raising issue of reliability of EVMs.


THAT farms in India are supplied with wastewater, resulting in finally contaminated food grains and vegetables etc, is a piece of information that has emerged from a recent study. But India is not alone in this category, as China, Pakistan, Mexico, and Iran also follow a similar practice. In short the study suggests that the food grains and vegetables from the farms in these countries are contaminated, to say the least, though not actually unfit for human consumption. Apparently, the logic in such information is clear, there could be another angle, too, to this episode of waste-water supply to farms. Agriculture experts the world over have believed traditionally that the soil has the ability to filter all contaminations as the roots absorb the inter-capillary wetness and pass that on to the stem and branches above the ground. New research might have negated this age-old belief, which has got reflected in the study under consideration. If this observation is scientifically verifiable, then an entirely new approach to irrigation will have to come up.