Source: The Hitavada      Date: 18 Dec 2018 15:38:53


By dr kamlesh j wadher,

I am a passionate believer in the teaching profession. In almost 20 years as a Pharmacy educator, I believed that teaching with conventional board and chalk method in front of the students is the only effective method of teaching. One day I had a discussion with my young teacher colleagues Manish, Neha and Mayur about the use of new technology of teaching i.e. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education based teaching. I was hesitant about the new technology and believed that nothing can replace their role of teacher and reluctant that, new models of learning can compromise or threaten the essence of what a teacher is. They argued with me that, it’s not about replacing the teacher but to make teacher more efficient and skillful.

As I believe that there is no age for the learning and education needs technology and technology needs educated persons. The world is changing very fast; new frontiers of knowledge are being added with passage of time. I request them to teach me the new methods of teaching and I must say, I got to learn a lot from my new teacher companions.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education:

ICT is the mode of education that uses information and communications technology to support and augment, the delivery of learning information. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods. It has been proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology to the present course has a significant and positive impact on student’s achievements.

Information and Communication Technology consists of various tools and systems that can be exploited by any teachers to improve teaching and learning situations.

1) Informative tools - Internet, Network Virtual Drive, Intranet systems, Homepage, etc.

2) Constructive tools - MS Word, PowerPoint, FrontPage, Adobe Photoshop, etc.

3) Communicative tools - e-mail, Webinars, SMS, etc.

4) Collaborative tools - Discussion boards, etc. Moodle, forum etc.
Moodle (Modular Object Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is an open source Learning Management System used for blended learning, wherein students enrolled in course can study from home as assigned and also attempt test and quizzes. Moodle is a learning platform designed to provide teachers and students with a single robust, secure and integrated system to create personalised learning environments.

Fllpped Class Room
A flipped classroom is an instructional strategy and a type of blended learning that reverses the traditional learning surroundings by delivering instructional content, often online, outside of the classroom. Video lectures, PDFs can be tooled in for outclass activity. Students deals with study resources given by faculty in outclass part and then in in-class activity. In a flipped classroom, student can watchonline lectures, videos, participate in online discussions, or carry out study at home and prepare for then next class. Flipped Classroom is composed of various components, such as powerpoints, student discussion and teacher/student online communication.

Think Pair Share (Tps)
Think-pair-share is a cooperative learning technique. It is a three-step technique where students think about a given question or problem, organise their thoughts and formulate their ideas and answers to the given questions. Then, they move to the next step where they work in pairs and discuss their answers. It is part of flipped class activity in which students thinks individually, pair their ideas or outcomes in the team and then all the teams share their findings for cumulative learning.

A webinar gives teacher an opportunity to reach target group when the broadcast is over, since each webinar can also be watched afterwards. This enables to increase both the reach and the impact of teaching. Webinar Make it interactive, easier and cheaper for teacher as well as student.

Audio & video tools
Incorporating audio visual materials to teaching supplement will definitely help the student’s imagination bloom and grow. These can be models, filmstrips, movies, pictures and info graphics.

For the teacher
l Exploring educational possibilities of new technology.
l Learning to make right choices of hardware, software and ICT interactions.
For the student, it is an initiation into:
l Creativity and problem solving
l An introduction to the world of information problem solving and novel technologies.
l Increasing Efficiency
l The capacity of ICTs to reach students in any place and at any time has the potential to promote revolutionary changes in the traditional educational form.
l Enhancing Quality of Learning
ICTs when used properly enhance the learning process, in the following ways:
l They motivate and engage students in the learning process. Videos and computer multimedia software can be excellent instructional aids to engage students in the learning process.
l Videos and computer animations can bring creativity to static textbook lessons.
l They provide access to worldwide information resources.
l Provide students with a platform through which they can communicate with colleagues from distant places, exchange work, develop research, and function as if there were no geographical boundaries.
Enhancing Quality of Teaching
ICTs can enhance the initial preparation of teachers by providing good teaching materials, bringing world experience into the teaching /learning.
Moreover, enabling ICT in institutions will also be useful for NAAC, NBA, accreditations.

(The author is Professor, SKB College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur and can be reached at [email protected])