Peeping into research paper publication

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 13 Feb 2018 14:30:27

Many researchers are not aware of where to publish a paper and most of them end up with low profile journals having no reviewer and thus the novel idea they have put through paper will never get any acknowledgement or identification or in research terms citation. Even their mentors/guides are not well aware of the best journals in their subjects. Unfortunately, today there is a plethora of national and international journals, which claim themselves as the best having a tag of UGC recognition.

According to Wikipedia, Open Access (OA) Journals are scholarly journals that are available online to the reader "without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself." The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is a website ( that lists open access journals that includes Elsevier, Springer etc. The advantage of the Open Access or Online Journal is that, one does not need to leave the lab and spend all major time in the library having a book of stacks.

With the increasing demand to publish a paper, a new culture has evolved among researchers and academician to publish a paper in Journal just to satisfy the need to acquire Ph.D. or to maintain API score. But, if your work is worth and published at right journal there is a chance for getting funds for further work. In such situation, the choice of a journal for publishing a paper becomes very important. Thus, the major goal of this article is to make Science and Technology researchers acquainted with various attributes that are important to consider before publication of a paper,
ISBN/ISSN: This is used to assign the unique number for a given journals. ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is assigned to single or separate book published by Journal while ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) is usually assigned to Research Journal having series of books of same title but written in different volume. For example, when epic like Ramanyana or Mahabharata which has been written in different volumes then unique ISSN numbers will be assigned for all this volumes. Now-a-days every journal has either of this numbers. Even online journals publication has been assigned with this number. Some Journal use ISBN-10 or ISBN-13. Here the number 10 or 13 is nothing but number of digits assigned with ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. Thus, ISBN or ISBN-10 is one and same.

Peer Reviewed/Research Gate: The basic purpose of Peer reviewer is to maintain the integrity of journal by checking the validity, quality and often the originality of the articles for publication i.e. filtering out invalid or poor quality articles. The role of Peer Reviewer also includes, providing some input/suggestion/feedback to author regarding contents. Thus, it helps to create a brand for Journal. But it is observed that, even after peer review, in some journals, Papers which are inconsistent and which have been already published elsewhere will also get published.

You can also share a paper in a social networking site called Research Gate where you can ask and answer questions, and find collaborators with others for your work.
Plagiarism: Just to check the paper is free from Plagiarism (Copy and Paste the contents without citation given to original author). Some Journal use Software tool to check originality of contents used in paper. Here, citation is a reference to the source of information used in your research i.e. whenever you borrow words or ideas of other researcher in your paper; you need to acknowledge their source.

Impact Factor: Impact Factor (IF) / Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is a measure of the mean number of citations to recent articles published in a particular journal, excluding citations in other papers in the same journal during the two preceding years. An Impact Factor of 2.01 for a Journal say K means that each paper in K has been cited 2.01 times in all the other indexed journals, except K, over the past two years. The higher the impact factor, the higher the status, because it shows that the papers are not only read but they are cited lots too. Use the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) to locate impact factors of Journals. In some Counties, alternative to impact factors are SJR (Scopus Scimago Journal Rankings), Zombie Journal Rankings, ERA list (Excellence in Research for Australia), Rejection Rates (RR) of paper by Journal. A researcher can check the citation of paper in Google Scholar Citation (, which lets you to track the citations for your publications over a time.

H-Index/i-10 Index: Impact factor is basically used to find the impact of Journal rather than article or about author paper. For this H-Index is used. Thus, H-index (Hirsch Index) corresponds to a researcher’s h of his/her N papers that have been cited at least h times each, while the rest of the N papers have less than h citations each and thus i10 index refers to the number of paper with 10 or more citations.Journal Indexing: Just check whether the journal included in the specific bibliographic and subject-specific databases or not? As this will give more weightage if your paper is published in your chosen field, as it will improve the visibility of your research and may also increase the number of times your paper is cited.

Specialty Journal: If your paper is highly specialized or technical, you’ll do better to publish in a journal with a small but very specific target audience. Reaching the right readership can sometimes be more important than reaching a wide readership. The most common yet avoidable reason for journal rejection is mismatch between the manuscript and the journal aims and scope. So better check the aim and scope of journal beforehand.

Editorial Board Members: Usually all the journals have eminent researchers as members of their Editorial Board. So check names on the Editorial Board and get the details whether they are well-known in your field of study.
Check Copyright Policies: Generally Publisher ask the researcher to submit/transfer the copyright to him. Publishers claimed this was necessary in order to protect author's rights. But it has been found that the publisher has permission to edit, print, and distribute the article commercially, but the author(s) retain the other rights themselves. So, before sending a paper, check the Copyright policies adopted by the Publisher.

Conclusions Thus, submitting papers to an unsuitable journal is one of the most common mistakes made by researcher, and both beginners and guides and even seasoned researchers are capable of making this error. So after going through above attributes, you might think that choosing journals is tricky. Here you need to do some sort of homework before finalising a journal you want to publish. As of today, over 10,567 journals are available in the Directory of Open Access Journals and its services are free of cost. Hence, Journal selection is an important and complex process.

Finally, if you are not aware of the list of journals in the area of subject then visit it provides an innovative Journal Finder search facility on its website. Here one can enter the article title, a brief abstract and the field of research to get a list of the most appropriate journals for your article. Remember, paper published and included in your CV can directly or indirectly affect your career advancement, professional reputation, and funding opportunities. So be careful and check the above factors about selecting the proper journals to make final decision for publishing your worth paper.
(The authors can be contacted at [email protected] & [email protected]