Source: The Hitavada      Date: 20 Feb 2018 11:48:53

By Resmi umesh

Educational technology is an unavoidable part of a vibrant learning community. Integration of technology in the class rooms become a basic necessity and the quality of teaching is assessed today by infrastructure and technology used by the school. It is common that each and every school implement interactive boards in the classrooms. But are these used effectively?We know that visual learning contribute 90% of day to day learning and it has great impact on children. But there are many challenges when we incorporate it in the schools. Digital learning in schools is going to rise in future as more and more schools adopt it, but it has its fair share of challenges. Schools that adopt digital learning and new technology need thorough information on challenges they can face.
The resources available on the internet are equally available to all schools with the same internet access and internet access costs the same for all schools in the same area, regardless of the student population served. Students can now access online videos that provide instruction on a wide variety of topics at various skill levels, and participate in real-time video conferences with teachers.

Resistance to change – The biggest impediment to technological change has never been technology itself, rather it has been the people affected by the change. The teachers, administrators, librarians and parents are all stuck on old ways of learning. The challenge lies in trying to get them to adapt to digital ways of learning. In fact this is very important for the entire school community to confirm that the resources are utilised properly. When schools use digital technology, the use of a specific technology, teachers are left without the skills to effectively integrate the new capabilities into their teaching methods. The investments should not be underutilised. Surprisingly somewhere it is not used at all. Or not used effectively. It’s a challenge for the schools to effectively integrate the technology with the classroom . Merely developing the skill to use the technology in the classroom is worthless if the teacher in unable to integrate the content with technology…For example, if the teacher comes to the class, just show them the module without explanation, it cannot be a proper usage. It is observed that many a times, teachers open the interactive board and leave it to students.. Using the technology simultaneously and effectively while explaining the content requires much care like developing a lesson plan.Proper usage of the interactive board requires the same attention as we prepare annual syllabus.
l Did we really thought of the following while using technology in the class rooms:
l Does the teacher know when and where to use the technology?
l Is it properly integrated with the content or is it utilised properly?
l Does the Modules shown in the interactive board develop creativity and trigger thinking skills ?
l What is the teacher’s contribution for the enrichment of content given in modules?
l What action research is done by the teachers in the school or what suggestions are forwarded to improvise the modules ?
Technology is only a substitute in learning…. Instead of explaining the difficult terms for an hour, a proper planned animated lesson plan will help the child to understand the content. That too it has to be supported with proper explanation, learner activity, proper involvement etc. It adds visual effect and it has to be always remembered that it is virtual world. Over use of interactive boards will take the children away from the real joy of learning in the real world. Actual practical’s hand to hand experience and learning by doing is always everlasting in the young minds than the technology .To develop thinking skill, creativity and aesthetics, exposure to real world and dealing the problems in real world will greatly help them… Technology can never be the solution for all the problems.
l While using interactive boards, the primary skill is handling the hardware and software whereas secondary skill is integrating the software with content.

l Upgrading the skills according to the revised content.
l Properly planning the modules according to the lessons.
Review and assessment.
l Safety: This area is also a challenge for the administration.
l Action research: If these areas are properly taken care by a teacher, she can suggest improvement in the modules like including dictionary, pronunciation, phonetics, activity, revision test etc…The possibilities of enrichment are many… It is depending on the creativity of the teacher and action research team. A research team can be developed within the school where the communication with the module developer and teachers will be possible for enriching and improvising the content. More creative activities and information’s can be added to enrich the content.

Great promise, unless the challenges that are associated with implementing them are fully understood and addressed, their failure is almost surely guaranteed. Triggering the questioning skill and improving thinking skills are more important. Nothing can replace a teacher. In a real world, when the teacher interacts with the students, when actual communication between the teacher and taught takes place, the exchange of ideas takes place.. Modules are always a substitute in learning. The most important factor is integrating the content with the module. it is for the teacher to decide how, when and where to use the technology to get the maximum use of it…

Sometimes overuse of technology shun creativity and the ability to think. Isn’t different to draw with a mouse on the screen or actually drawing using a pencil and paper? There are various ways of problem solving other than the technological exposure. After the exposure to the modules, they should be able to think and create their own solutions. Let them work actively in real world too.
(The author is HM, Primary, Saraswati Vidyalaya, Nagpur and can be reached at
[email protected]) n