SKILL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 20 Mar 2018 11:32:44

 

INDIA is one of the youngest nations in the world, with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age and over 62% of the population in the working age group (15- 59 years).This demographic advantage is expected to last only until 2040. In fact, in next 20 years, the labour force in the industrialised world is expected to decline by 4%, while in India it will increase by 32%. However, current statistics show that only 2% of the total employees in India have completed skills development training. Recent economic reports tell that India is one of the fastest growing economies, but lack of quality education, unemployment, poverty, etc. are some of the major obstacles for continuous growth. Development of various employable skills in the Indian youth can surely benefit the economic status of our economy.

Skills and knowledge are the driving forces for economic development and social growth of any country, it is a powerful tool to empower individuals and improve their social acceptance but India has a very narrow time-frame to harness its demographic dividend and to overcome its skill shortages. Indian Governments have been taking major steps for the development of various employable skills among all the age groups of the Indian population since independence by introducing various skill development and employment schemes to eradicate the disease of poverty and to uplift and catalyse the economic and social growth of the country.  

Some of these schemes are –

1) The National Skill Development Mission approved by the Union Cabinet on 01.07.2015, and officially launched by the Prime Minister on 15.07.2015ontheoccasionofWorldYouthSkillsDay.TheMission has been developed to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities.

2) The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Kaushal Yojana (DDUGKY) is a placement linked skill development programme for the rural youth.

3)Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission -The main aim of this mission is to curb poverty of the urban poor households by providing them access to their skill related employment opportunities in an organised manner.

4) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act- NREGA-It guarantees right to work in rural areas by providing wage employment to unskilled manual workers. People are ensured of at least 100days of employment in every household to a member who is willing to do unskilled work. Employment under NREGA has a legal clause and the employment schemes are directly implemented by the gram panchayats.

5) The National Skill Development Corporation, (NSDC) is a unique organisation under PPP mode, under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship. It aims to promote skill development by initiating the creation of large and quality oriented training institutes all over the country.

6) Aajeevika - National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) is an initiative launched by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India. Its aim is to understand the professional aspirations and interests of youth and to also increase their daily income.

7)Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a unique initiative by the Government of India that aims to train about 24 lakh Indian youth to be industry relevant, skill based and to prepare them for the global market. Under this scheme, the trainees will also be given financial support and a certificate on successful completion of training and assessment, which will help them in securing a job for a better future. On the success of the above-mentioned schemes depends the socio-economic status of our country.

Having a skillful population is like a cherry on the cake for any country and its economy as the skilful population contributes for the increased per capita income, increased GDP, increased employment opportunities, increased manufactured products, women empowerment, increased literacy rate, decreased poverty and much more. And all these factors lead the country towards heights of socio-economic development and towards a respectful position on the global platform.

Kshitij Bawane 3rd year B.A.M.S,

Government Ayurved College, Nagpur.