Prioritise Neonatal Screening

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 09 Apr 2018 11:41:24


 

 

 

A fter delivery, newborn screening is the first and foremost important test to be done for a baby. All the parents are given this opportunity to have their babies screened for various rare but serious disorders. These tests look for developmental, metabolic and genetic disorders after birth in a baby. The early diagnosis ensures early treatment before the symptoms start. Most of the babies are born healthy except for some who may suffer from serious medical ailment which maybe genetic. Just in case to make sure that the baby does not become sick after growing up, certain diagnosis are must for early treatment and a normal growth of the baby. Though basic screening tests are done immediately after the delivery to diagnose any congenital condition, many parents are still unaware of any supplemental screening which may be a mandate for the baby in the later stages. Sometimes special treatment may be required for certain medical conditions that develop in babies born prematurely or with low birth weight. Special screening may be required for such infants as more than one blood withdrawal may be needed for accurate results and diagnosis. “Many new parents are unaware of how many tests and treatments their newborns will receive. Testing and preventive care for the baby starts during the pregnancy itself by injections through the mother.

TDAP vaccinations during pregnancy will help prevent some serious conditions when the baby is born. Even though the‘mother to be’ would have taken the injection previously, it is one of the mandates for the infant to boost immunity.Whooping cough is one of the leading causes for infant mortality or leading to terminal or chronic conditions. Prevention against tetanus, cough and diphtheria ensures better and a healthy growth.” Says CA (Dr) Ruchi Gupta, Founder and CEO, 3hcare.in. The baby is safe from infections when it is inside the womb. It is safe due to mothers’ immunity and prenatal vaccinations administered to her. In India, when the babies are born they are prescribed to immunize with various vaccinations. “The early few years are very critical for Infant as they also develop speaking and language skills. If hearing loss will be detected early, it can be treated to prevent interference with the development in the further stages,” added Dr Gupta. Blood test also known as‘heel prick’ test which should be performed within 48 hours of birth. This test is done by pricking baby’s heel and putting few drops of blood on a special filter paper. It is done to detect developmental, metabolic and generic disorders that ultrasounds scans are unable to detect. The blood test will help to evaluate any chance of potential complication that may need to be addressed. In the second phase there will be a quick check to analyze behaviour, breathing, activity and skin color. ●