India-Pak Track II Talks

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 15 May 2018 12:11:32

OUT of the blues came news reports that the Government has agreed to revive the Track II diplomacy process with Pakistan despite its apparent aversion to ‘conventional’ talks with the neighbouring country. Was the ‘conventional’ bit part of official media briefing. If yes, then the surprise was that Track II is considered ‘unconventional’. But the bigger surprise was that resumption of the Track II had already occurred through a high-powered delegation of former Indian diplomats, military veterans and academics travelling to Pakistan on April 28, 2018 to discuss ways to improve the India-Pakistan relationship. The Indian delegation was headed by former Secretary of MEA, Vivek Katju while members included former NCERT head J. S. Rajput. Talks were held on April 28-30, with Pakistani side represented by former Foreign Secretary Inam-ul-Haque and Ishrat Hussain among others. The initiative this time was taken by Pakistan that wanted this dialogue to happen in Islamabad since the dialogues so far had been happening in third countries. This appears inserted for public consumption; for those that are unaware that it was in Lahore that the Indo-Pak Track II had met on September 23-25, 2012 (though under aegis of Atlantic Council of Ottawa) that had recommended de-militarisation of Siachen – that in real terms meant India withdraw from the Saltoro range despite great strategic advantage. The India-Pakistan Track II was first held in 1991-92 at Neemrana Fort in Rajasthan and took its name Neemrana Dialogue from there. That itself tells you that the dialogue was not always held in third countries. Track II dialogues are also supposed to be non-governmental but obviously have intimate dealings with respective foreign ministries. A few select members of the Track II delegation that recommended India withdraw from Saltoro range were personally briefed by the then NSA. Obviously, the Vivek Katju-led delegation that travelled to Pakistan last month would also have been briefed by the MEA before departure, and de-briefed on return. News reports of May 4, 2018 say, Government described resumption of Neemrana Track II Dialogue with Pakistan as a part of the “normal process” of people-to-people exchanges between the two countries, but MEA remained silent on whether or not the Government approved the dialogue, saying there is no change in India’s position that terror and talks can’t go together. But it is pretty obvious that this dialogue could not have been revived without Government approval. In typical characteristic style, Pakistan timed the resumption of the Neemrana Dialogue by abruptly sacking special prosecutor Chaudhry Azhar from the Mumbai terror attack case for ‘not taking the Government line’. An official of Pakistan’s Federal Investigation Agency said, “The Interior Ministry has removed Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) Special Prosecutor Chaudhry Azhar, who had been representing as chief of prosecution in the Mumbai attack case since 2009, from the high-profile case.”

Azhar had reportedly developed differences with the Government over the ‘manner’ the case was being pursued. This is a major setback to Indian efforts to bring the LeT terrorists involved in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks that killed 166 people and injured over 300. But the bit about Azhar developing differences with the Pakistani Government is a googly, which the FIA official rubbed it in by saying, “Azhar has only been separated from the Mumbai attack case. However, he will continue to represent the state in other cases like Benazir assassination.”

The Indo-Pak dialogue moves in concentric cycles around the mulberry bush. Our media states that the initiative for resumption of the Neemrana Dialogue was taken by the Pakistan side. That may be so since Pakistan has been always pushing for talks, pushing up the proxy war at the same time. However, this time it may have been two-way initiative given approaching elections in both countries. The payoff for the Pakistani side is claiming to their public that we made the Indians talk without any let up on terror – implying we made them retreat on the no talks till terror abates.

That India has been at the receiving end of terrorism flowing out of Pakistan’s military-ISI hatcheries is no secret to Americans. Recall on October 21, 2011 what the then US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in a joint conference with Pakistani Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar had said. “It’s like that old story – you can’t keep snakes in your backyard and expect them only to bite your neighbours. Eventually those snakes are going to turn on whoever has them in the backyard”. On balance any other expectations from resumption of the Neemrana Dialogue would be sheer utopia, given the reasons discussed above. It is for such reasons that former Foreign Secretary Kanwal Sibal, who is a member of the Neemrana group, chose not to visit Pakistan for the dialogue, saying, I didn’t go because I don’t think it would yield significant results in the current circumstances.” However, as a seasoned diplomat he said Neemrana Dialogue was an important initiative. The dialogue can continue with ‘biryani par charcha’ or whatever but no amount of coaxing ‘mera ishq sufiana’ can change Pakistani military’s theme song of ‘mera terrorist dostana’. The musical chairs make headlines anyway, even though the Track II is without a track.