Jargon in Research

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 15 May 2018 12:14:55



By dr s b kishor

Research should demonstrate organisational, analytical and evaluative skills. In general, Research comprises of the word Re + Search which means, repeat the searching to acquire the new information from the existing facts which are already known and adding this new knowledge to the dictionary. According to Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, “Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought”. Thus Research is nothing but an Imagination, Invention and Inspiring. Every year, a large number of research projects are being undertaken by researchers across the globe. In India also, every year large number of Academic research scholars are undertaking Ph.D. I have found out many researchers who are not even aware of the type of research methodology they are following; forget about other important terminologies used in research. Researcher must be aware of basic terms and must get the detailed knowledge by attending the course work organized by university or academic staff college during research period.

At the start of research you may never have encountered some terms until you began constructing your tree. During the work, researchers come across various terminologies related to research and some terms are so closely related that they find little bit confusing and even some guides use them interchangeably. In this article, I will try to resolve all such terminologies,
Difference between Thesis and Dissertation: In the USA, a thesis is usually for a master's degree and a dissertation for a doctorate. While in India &Europe it is reverse i.e. dissertation is part of a broader post-graduate research project for a course like M.Phil./M.Tech. A doctoral thesis is a focused piece of original research which is performed in order to obtain a PhD. Difference between Topics and Title: In research, Title is a subset of Topics. One can have many paper title from a given topics. Topic word is used for M.Tech./Ph.D. work while title word is used for publishing a paper out of topics.Difference between Hypothesis and Theory: Hypothesis is basically a prediction of certain things based among multiple phenomena. It is based on suggestion, possibility, projection or prediction where result may be uncertain. This hypothesis can be testable, falsifiable but it is not substantiated and based on very limited data.

In theory, especially science, it is well substantiated, unifying explanation for a set of verified proven hypotheses. It is based on evidence, verification, testing and wide scientific consensus and usually based on wide set of data.Difference between a Research Question and a Research Hypothesis: A research question is the question that the research project sets out to answer. A research hypothesis is not a question, but rather it is a statement about the relationship between two or more variables. In short, the difference between a research question and a research hypothesis is known versus unknown: They are related. Researcher must look and study known results before making an educated guess about something that is unknown.

Difference between Survey and Experiment: Surveys and Experiments are two important statistical techniques used in research and data collection. When the research type is experimental, experiments are considered as a major source of primary data. On the other end, surveys are performed when the research is descriptive in nature.
Difference between Research Article and Research Paper: There is no difference as such between a research article and a research paper as both involve original research with findings. Usually, research papers along with guide names are published in renowned scientific journals whereas articles written by students do not go to journals.Thus “Research paper" refers to empirical research, which shows new findings as opposed to conceptual article which is only theoretical, or a literature review paper which surveys a scoped topic or an advocacy paper.In general, “Article” is likely limited to something published in a peer-reviewed journal, while a “paper” could include a thesis or dissertation that is published alone that has never really published.

Difference between Journal Paper and Conference Paper: A paper presented in conference on acceptance gives a platform to researcher to present his/her paper. This will help the researcher to interact with the people and share your ideas among research community members present of your subjects. But the target audiences in conferences are very limited.The journal publication is generally considered superior especially with peer-reviewed, a good impact factor and due to its target audience is across the globe which gives a wide publicity of your work.

Difference between Journal Article and Book Chapter: One needs to follow various constraints while publishing an article like number of pages, format etc.while book chapters give a researcher freedom to express views in details without following any specific order.Difference between Thesis and Book Chapter: Usually, thesis is referred by researcher, his guide(s), and Thesis valuer(s). Here, valuer looks for certain expectation of work and order of chapter in a certain form. While in the book chapter researcher has a freedom to express the contents by keeping in view of target audience in such way that reader must hold their interest from start to finish. Thus, a book chapter gives researcher an opportunity to express his/her ideas that wouldn't be possible put his/her idea in a thesis in desired order.

Presenting a work in book format is usually carried out after evaluation of Thesis in order to make awareness about work.Difference between IEEE paper and IEEE Transaction: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a widely accepted format for writing research papers used in technical fields such as computer science. IEEE papers are published in IEEE conference proceeding or journal and or an online journal whereas IEEE transactions are the papers which are not only published in conference proceeding or journal and or an online journal but also appears in the book in the form of any topic or chapter.
ConclusionWhile carrying your research work, you must be aware of all the differences and terminologies used in research. The above differences are intended to assist you in understanding commonly used terms in research. This will help you in better understanding of the concepts while reading, interpreting, and evaluating scholarly research. If you have any doubts then always ASK (Always Seek Knowledge) the question to upgrade your knowledge as Marilyn Vos Savant said once “To acquire the knowledge one must study but to acquire wisdom one must observe”.(The author is Chairman, BOS, Computer Science, Gondwana University, Gadchiroli and can be contacted at [email protected])