Jyeshtha Adhik Maas to commence from today

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 16 May 2018 09:20:18


By Rajendra Diwe,

Adhik Maas or Purshottam Maas or Maala Maas or Adhi Maas or Malimluch or Sansarp or Anhaspati Maas; Hindus across the world call the additional month in their lunar year by these names. For them this period is the most auspicious period which is starting from May 16 to June 13 this year. Adhik means additional or extra time provided by extra month in Hindu calendar. This month is calculated according to lunar cycle. This month is added to the calendar every two years or more. It is considered an auspicious time for worshipping the Divine through pujas and other forms of worship.
How it is calculated?

Purshottam Maas is an
extra month. Many Hindu calendars follow lunar route. The route has 28 or 29 days in a month. This results shortfall of 10 days in a year roughly. Therefore, after every three years, the extra month of 30 days is added to
the calendar.

Every two (sometimes three) years in Vedic Sidereal astrology there is a time compensation month added to correct, and adjust the time movements. This is something similar to the western Leap Year.

As there are many panchangs in the country and the calculation of period depends as per the astronomical parameters they consider. This is the reason, Adhik Maas never occurs in the solar calendar followed in the states of West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Assam and Kerala. The observance of this additional month is therefore restricted to states that follow the lunar-based calculations like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

According to Suryasiddhanta:
One Lunar year =
29.5305 X 12 = 354.366 days
One Solar year = 365.2587 days.
Thus one lunar year lags behind the solar year and one lunation has to be added after 3 years to fit the lunar year into the solar one. Astronomers have called this intercalary lunation as Adhik month, and have asserted that this month is to be added to the lunar year.

Adhik (Purushottam) Maas: Since the calendar is based on the phases of the Moon, the transits take 354 days, 8 hours and 34.28 seconds. This creates a difference of 10 days, 21 hours and 35.16 seconds from the actual solar year (365 days, 6 hours, 9.54 seconds) When the accumulated difference exceeds 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2.865 seconds, an adjustment is made with an extra month (Adhika Maas), which carries the name of the previous or the next month, depending on the proximity of the month. Normally, seven extra months occur in 19 years.

Why it is auspicious!
According to Hindu scripture, Bhagwan Vishnu, told Lakshmi about the greatness of Adhik Maas or Purshottam Maas. The Lord outlineed the reason behind the extra month that affords all additional time to focus on the Divine.

According to Bhagavan Vishnu:

Whenever Sankranti does not fall within one month then the month is considered to be an adhik or extra month and Adhik Maas occurs. The lunar calendar year then has 13 months.

When there are two Sankrantis or solar transitions within one month then it is referred to as a ‘kshaya’ (lost) month and the year becomes a lunar year with one reduced month (11 months). A lunar year comprising eleven months only is very rare. It occurs once in 140 years or once in 190 years. The extra month or Adhik Maas occurs every two to three years.

Bhagavan Vishnu said that He is the God of Adhik Maas. He says, “There is no doubt that whosoever performs shodas-opachaar (sixteen steps of
worship) and worships the holy ones in Adhik Maas, he receives all fulfillment.”

In Adhik Maas all success comes when regular injunctions are carried out: sandhya, shodas-puja, shraadh, etc.

Whosoever offers gifts, performs jap (repetition of mantras), havan, does self-study, pitri-tarpan (offerings made in the name of ancestors), archana (worship) and shubh-karam (auspicious/sacred actions) during this month, attains all fulfillment.

The welfare of mankind is served well through rituals performed at this time.

Sins of many lifetimes can be destroyed by sacrifice done in Adhik Maas.

Worship of Surya Bhagavan during this period removes all sins.

Vratraaj quotes from Bhavishya Puraan that says that whosoever does not worship the Lord with devotion, he is bereft of wealth, children, relatives and friends.

Many examples are given in Vratraaj, of individuals who were redeemed through austere sacrifices and worship during Adhik Maas. On the other hand, according to bereft of performing worship, suffers from sin, worry and poverty. The month of Adhik Maas is most auspicious for worship. Vratraaj, anyone who spends this period idly.