A flourishing option

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 29 May 2018 11:59:35


By dr p l zade & prof r s somalwar

Students often face confusion while selecting the branch in Engineering. We know that there are lot of options like Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering etc. Let us explore Electric Engineering as career option. Electrical Engineering branch is one of the oldest core branches of Engineering. Electrical Engineering basically aims to empower the world with what has almost become a basic need today, electricity. It is an Electrical Engineer's duty to see that everyone has uninterrupted power supply. It is a core branch which covers the study of Power from Nano scale to Mega Scale. It actually helps you understand how power is generated, transmitted and distributed. In simple terms, Electrical Engineering is a branch of Engineering that deals with concepts related to electricity and electric machinery such as generation, transmission and use of electricity, electromagnetism, equipment like generator, motors etc. It involves study of computer, electrical, electronics and communication and so on. The branch looks lucrative because electrical engineer is required in almost all the companies.

Besides developing technical skills the branch offers skills development in the areas like analytical thinking, ability to apply their knowledge to specific tasks, good project management skills, high end computing, teamwork, problem solving, interest in updating knowledge to meet job requirements, mathematical skill, and communication skill. Now, let us discuss the career options as electrical engineer.There are many job options for electrical engineer. Energy audit is always one of the best options after electrical engineering. As per the government policy, in every industry, energy audit is compulsory. Other than this various options are available. The important ones are categorising in three parts i.e. Through Gate, in Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB) and in Core Companies.

Let us explore GATE. GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. It is the exam which is conducted every year in 23 subjects and Electrical Engineering (EE) is one of them. GATE exam has acceptance in several area of engineering i.e. higher study, Research Job, PSUs, etc. With valid gate score you can apply for higher study like M.Tech (Master of Technology)/M.S (Master of Science) etc in any reputed institute like IITs/NITs/Government Institute. Again with valid gate score, one can apply for research jobs like Junior Research Fellow (JRF)/ Senior Research Fellow (SRF) in any reputed institute like IITs/NITs/Government Institute. For this students can get 25000 pm as JRF and 28000 pm as SRF with HRA (House Rental Allowance).

There are lot of opportunities in Public Sector Undertaking. With valid GATE score students can apply for job in any PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings) like Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), Coal India Limited (CIL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) etc. All above PSUs provide high salary. PGCIL is one of the PSUs who provide highest salary in India. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) also hires electrical engineers through GATE.

MSEB, Public Sector, is another better career option for electrical engineers. There are three departments in MSEB i.e. generation, transmission and distribution. These are also known as MAHAGENCO, MAHATRANSCO and MAHADISCOM. Each of them provides number of opportunity every year for electrical engineers. The female candidate gets the advantage of women reservation. Women reservation in MSEB is 30%. Nowadays other state residential can also apply for other state electricity board.
Electrical Engineers can have flourishing career in the sectors like Electronics, Power generation, Oil and gas, Marine, Materials and metals, Pharmaceuticals, Construction, Defence, Telecoms, Chemical, Railway, Aerospace, Automotive, Utilities.

There are abundance of opportunity for electrical engineer in various private IT & electrical companies in India. Companies in private sector that hire various skilled electrical engineers are Alstom, ABB, Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Crompton Greaves Limited, Bajaj Electricals Ltd, Siemens India, Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Jindal Steel & Power Ltd., Spectrum Power Generation Limited, HBL Power Systems Limited and many more. All IT companies also hire electrical engineers to develop the software related with Electric Field Company as they require depth knowledge of the field.

There are a large number of employment opportunities for electrical engineers in overseas. This is because of the presence of various manufacturing firms outside India. Electrical Engineers who are specialized in Control and Power Systems can find good opportunities in Japan, Germany, US & Korea. Electrical Design Engineers also can try in multidisciplinary engineering consultancies.There is a good scope for electrical engineering in coming days as more emphasis is given on solar and wind energy by government. As the modern life is completely dependent on electrical objects, electrical engineers have a great demand in almost all fields. The job prospects are very high with or without post graduate degree. Having a post graduate degree will increase the prospects. India suppose to do a lot in infrastructure in coming 20-25 years and job opportunities for core field would be best so thinking to pursue electrical engineering is a great and flourishing idea.

(Dr Zade, Principal and Prof Somalwar, HOD-Electricals Engineering, Datta Meghe Institute of Engineering Technology & Research,
DMIETR, Wardha)