Solar power can transform lives of tribals living in far-off areas

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 10 Jun 2018 10:47:28


 

By Anshuman Bhargava,

The whole rural socio-economic base can change if solar energy is aggressively promoted in the hinterlands. Even individuals can have their own small solar panels that could suffice for their household energy needs

With growing fuel prices and rising pollution due to the burning of fossil fuel coupled with growing shortage of conventional non-renewable energy sources, thrust is today high on exploring renewable energy sources like wind and solar power.


Several developed countries around the world are dumping fossil fuel based operations and switching to cleaner energy options to fuel their industries and automobiles. India too is aggressively pushing its solar energy bid and trying to capture the immense potential in solar technology.
The largest solar power plant in the world has come up in Rewa in MP and by and by in stages the power plant is likely to light up thousands of homes.


India has immense potential and opportunity of tapping solar energy since it has a vast land area and bright sunny weather for most of the year, providing for ample sunlight. India’s growing power needs are impossible to be addressed unless we shift to solar and wind energy soon.
The conventional fuel bases are expensive and depleting, making them scarce and precious. Comparatively, solar energy is cheaper and available in abundance, with no
scenario of loss of replenishment or loss of stock anytime in future. It is a clean energy that doesn’t cause smoke, smell or pollution.


Despite all the efforts, India has still not been able to provide uninterrupted power supply to each and every village in the country. Here is always a huge demand and supply gap which is only going to grow wider with time. There are also huge transmission losses as power cables travel long distances from the source of its generation to the supply destination. Difficult terrains make it difficult to lay wires and fix poles in remote tribal areas.


Any snag takes days to be corrected because of the logistic difficulties in accessing areas and regions which are inhospitable and inclement. All these difficulties and drawbacks can be summarily addressed if solar power is resorted to. It is a localised setup, requiring lesser infrastructure and paraphernalia and the operations are in a relatively closed area, which makes it more efficient. Transmission losses are minimal since the area of operation is limited.


A couple of villages or more in close proximity to each other can be clustered together and a solar energy generation set-up can be established to light up streets and homes. If there is sufficient generation, solar energy can fulfil a whole lot of other needs like heating water, cooking food and running farm pumps. This will excise and obliterate the use of any polluting energy source like petrol, diesel or kerosene. Energy in excess can even be sold to other adjacent villages or townships or industries which can generate revenue for the village or village cluster.


The most important gain is that it is an environment-friendly method and saves nature from deteriorating. The whole rural socio-economic base can change if solar energy is aggressively promoted in the hinterlands. Even individuals can have their own small solar panels that could suffice for their household energy needs.


The government must promote the users of solar energy for its greater and wider use. The more there is awareness of solar power and knowledge of its economic benefits, the more happy people will take to it. We need only the right and sustained push to create a new culture.