Discussion, symposium on Bhopal State Merger Day held

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 02 Jun 2018 10:15:17


Staff Reporter

Swaraj Sansthan Sanchnalaya and Culture Department, Madhya Pradesh Government organised a discussion and symposium at Swaraj Bhawan to mark the Bhopal State Merger Day on Friday. Senior historian Shambhudayal Guru chaired the programme. Senior writer, Ghanshyam Saxena and senior writer and litterateur, Om Bharti were especially present in the programme. Various aspects of Merger of Bhopal State were discussed in the programme. It is to be noted that India got independence on August 15, 1947 but Bhopal was still under serfdom. The entire country was celebrating independence but in Bhopal there was ban on hoisting the national flag. The flag bearer of merger revolution was Bhai Ratan Kumar under whom youngsters of the new generation took part enthusiastically and after a long struggle Bhopal finally gained independence on June 1, 1949 and tricolor was hoisted in Benazir Maidan.

Shambhudayal Guru while speaking in the symposium said that in the merger rebellion of Bhopal all the sections of society showcased active participation. Women took out procession from Unani Safakhana and police used cold water to stop them through fire brigade. The water was also mixed with drowsiness drugs. Seeing the humiliation of women a fire fighter said that if I cannot save the honor of women then what good is such a job and he left the job to join the rebellion. Youngsters also played an important role in the merger revolution. 16-year-old chhotelal did not care about police and kept shouting slogans for merger and sacrificed his life.

They did not let the tricolor fall. Such was the courage of these youngsters. Nawab of Bhopal Hamidullah Khan had to give up in front of the sacrifices made by people and Bhopal was declared as an independent state. After the merger Sardar Patel wrote to the nawab saying that you should not feel sad for the merger. This is neither your defeat, nor my win. Such were the real patriots of that time. Ghanshyam Saxena said that the Nawab of Bhopal wanted to postpone the merger by keeping good relations with Mahatma Gandhi, Jinnah and British simultaneously following his diplomatic and communal nature. For this he gave examples fron the book ‘Memoirs of a rebel princess’ of daughter of Nawab, Abida Begum. Om Bharti said that in the merger rebellion revolutionaries from Itarsi, Hoshnagabad, Garadwara and other nearby areas took part. Bhai Ratan Kumar Gupta used to publish the news of rebellion in his newspaper so that people get sensitized about the rebellion. Nawab of Bhopal, Hamidullah Khan signed the merger paper on June 1, 1949 which was published in the newspaper ‘Nai raah’ significantly.
As per sources after India achieved independence on August 15, 1947, Bhopal was one of the last states to sign the Instrument of Accession.

The last Nawab expressed his wish to retain Bhopal as a separate independent state in March 1948. Agitations against the Nawab broke out in December 1948, leading to the arrest of prominent leaders including Bhai Ratan Kumar Gupta. Later, the political detainees were released and the Nawab signed the agreement for merger on April 30, 1949. The Bhopal princely state was taken over by the Union Government of India on June 1, 1949.