‘More than 19,500 mother tongues spoken in India’

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 02 Jul 2018 09:18:59


 

By Achinta Borah,

NEW DELHI,

There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India, which has a population of 121 crore,according to report


MORE than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues, according to the latest analysis of a census released this week.


There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India, which has a population of 121 crore, it said.
The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, said since a household may consist of persons related by blood or of unrelated persons or a mix of both, it is absolutely necessary to ask every person about her or his mother tongue.


It was required because the mother tongue of each member of a household need not necessarily be the same — these may be different for different members in the household.
The number of such raw returns of mother tongues has totalled 19,569, the report of the 2011 census said. Since mother tongues, as returned in the census, are basically the designations provided by the respondents of the linguistic mediums in which the respondents think they communicate, they need not be identical with the actual linguistic mediums, it said.


This resulted in 1,369 rationalised mother tongues and 1,474 names which were treated as “unclassified” and relegated to “other” mother tongue category.
The 1,369 rationalised mother tongues were further classified following the usual linguistic methods for rational grouping based on available linguistic information.
Thus, an inventory of classified mother tongues returned by 10,000 or more speakers are grouped under appropriate languages at the all-India level, wherever possible, has been prepared for final presentation of the 2011 mother tongue data.