Future of Robotics

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 03 Jul 2018 12:27:32


 

 

By prof prawin bhagat

Robot is a machine which can do complex and difficult actions automatically with ease and robotics is a branch of Engineering or Technology which deals with the construction, design, operations and applications of robots. Robotics makes use of most of the engineering fields like electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence and mechatronics.
The first robot was invented with proper documentation in 60’s and it was named as UNIMATE. UNIMATE was funded by General Motors and used to create production only with robots. This was the first generation of robots. The invention of UNIMATE made the enthusiast in robotics to make development in the field of robotics. The second generation of robots, which initiated in 70’s, included sensors. The robots created between 1980 and 1999 belong to third generation of robots that were reprogrammable and included dedicated controllers. In 2000, fourth generation of robots started, which were able to reason and learn on their own. It also had the more advanced sensors which helped controllers to adapt themselves more effectively to different circumstances.


Robotics combines many technologies together and with the development in the fields of computer vision, artificial intelligence, neural networks, there is a large scope of improvement and research in Robotics technology. In future we are going to have the world of robotics making the life of humans easier. We will have robots serving us at restaurants, hospitals. We will have robots picking the delivery from the shop and delivering it to the customer. Robotic soldiers will be used in defence. Therefore as the field of robotics will cover a larger area of businesses in the world, we will have good opportunities for job seekers.


Every new technology has good as well as bad effects on the society. So as the robotics market is becoming bigger and bigger, we are having more automation in the industry. As a result, there is less requirements of manpower in the industry and other areas. Also as we applying the science of artificial intelligence in robotics, we are having robots that can think on their own. So we must be careful while designing robots so that it must not harm the society.(The author is Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, J D College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur)