Source: The Hitavada      Date: 11 Sep 2018 12:10:05



By dr rajshri r admane

With the progression and expansion of civilisation the formulation, recognition and mutual relations between individual and group have been based on some thoughts, concepts, beliefs and approaches. With the emergence of social status, behaviours and relations, a conceptual stream has determined the norms, standards and traditions to make new junctures in society.

For a long, our social, cultural, religious and different heritages contributed a lot of concepts, viewpoints and perceptions. All have developed the inspirational and customary ideologies to create the platform of ethos.
According to Swami Vivekananda “Indian ethos serves ideas of honesty, integrity and morality”.

Indian ethos is all about what can be termed as ‘national ethos.’ Formally, the body of knowledge which derives its solutions from the rich and huge Indian system of ethics is known as Indian Ethos in Management (IEM). Management is behavioral science and it has to be culture specific. IEM has its basis, the culture base of India and as a country whose culture has its roots in religion. The salient ideas and thoughts of Indian Ethos in Management revealed by our ancient scriptures are:

1. Atmano Mokshartham, Jagat hitaya cha: All work is an opportunity for doing good to the world and thus gaining materially and spiritually in our lives
2. Archet dana manabhyam: Worship people not only with material things but also by showing respect to their enterprising divinity within.
3. Atmana Vindyate Viryam: Strength and inspiration for excelling in work comes from the Divine, God within, through prayer, spiritual readings and unselfish work.
4. Yogah karmashu Kaushalam, Samatvam yoga uchyate: He who works with calm mind achieves the most.
5. Yadishi bhavana yasya siddhi bhavati tadrishi: As we think, so we succeed, so we become.
6. Parasparam bhavayantah shreyah param bhavapsyathah: By mutual cooperation, respect and fellow feeling, all of us enjoy the highest good both material and spiritual.
7. Tesham sukhm tesham shanti shaswati: Infinite happiness and infinite peace come to them who see the divine in all beings.
8. Paraspar Devo Bhav: Regard the other person as a divine being. All of us have the same consciousness though our packages and containers are different.
Principles of IEM are universally applicable. IEM can help develop an effective and holistic management pattern which will assure all round growth in productivity, marketing and profitability. This will help in synchronising private and public benefits and encourage individuals to lead an enriched quality of life together with worldly achievements.
The best form of management has to be holistic and value driven which is the objective of IEM. Western Approach of Management Oriented by Science and Technology:
Belief – Management believe in Production, Productivity, Profit at any cost.
Guidance- Management guided by mind only, led away by ego and desire. Soulless management.
Emphasis- Giving emphasis on worker development, profit maximization,
Tools- 5 Ms as Resources – Men, money, materials, machines and markets. Science & Technology, information for decision making
Problem solving Conflict resolution by negotiation, compromise, arbitration, liquidation of differences only for a temporary period, no reference to higher consciousness.
Decision making -Brain storming
Development process - Physical, Vital and Mental development; Soul or spirit ignored; material development even at the cost of man and nature.
Indian and Eastern Management Oriented by Values and adopting holistic approach.
Belief- Management believe in material gain with belief in achieving human and social welfare in unison
Guidance- Management by consciousness, power beyond mind i.e., soul. interiorised management.
Emphasis- Giving emphasis on development of man, integrated, growth harmony, happiness and health, management of self
Tools- Men, machines, materials and methods as conscious partners all having consciousness whether manifested or dormant. Ethics and values combined with skills.
Problem Solving- Conflicts resolution through integration and synthesis on stressing super ordinate common goals so that enduring harmony and unity is assured. Self introspection, stepping back aids for solution.
Decision making: Brain stilling
Development process: Integrated development. Whole man approach, breath-control meditation emphasized, human enrichment and total quality.
Indian ethos demands a subjective management system which leads to an understanding:
(a) Management Attitude – Top management having firm belief in value-oriented holistic management. Profit is earned through service and satisfaction of all stakeholders – employees, customers, shareholders and citizens. Fulfillment of social responsibility must be ensured.
(b) Humanising the Organisation – Looking at the three aspects of humane organisations i.e., inter-personal relations, man-machine equation where man is the prime concern and inner management through mental and spiritual growth of individuals.
(c) Interiorising Management – Self management or management by consciousness. When the soul manages the other four members of the human being, namely, the body, mind, intellect and the heart, the conflict amongst themselves can be resolved.
This is management by consciousness. The objective of self management is to first know and manage oneself and then manage others.
(d) Self-introspection – Embark upon self-study, self-analysis and self-criticism to locate areas of friction and disharmony. Self examination of one’s own thoughts, feelings, emotions, sensations, passions and a desire help to reduce and subdue the ego.
(e) Brain-stilling – Brain-stilling or meditative silence is the most reliable method to discover solutions to problems and difficulties
(f) Stepping Back (for a while) – Never decide anything, never speak a word, never throw yourself into action without stepping-back. The stepping back from a situation for a while enables one to control and master a situation.
(g) Self-dynamising Meditation – Through meditation, in a silent and calm mind, one reaches a higher level of consciousness which offers guidance in the form of intuitions to tackle a multitude of problems. This is called consciousness approach to management.
(h) Role of Intuition – Intuition is the act of coming to direct knowledge or certainty. Without reasoning or inferring. Intuition skills enable one to cope with confidence the fluctuating environment and rapid changes. Faith is a prerequisite to develop and realise the power of intuition.
Thus Karma Yoga is a good pathway for self purification and self-development. Team spirit, team work, autonomous management, control and supervision result in all round happiness and prosperity.
(The author is Assistant Professor Management Institute and can be reached at [email protected])