‘90% senior citizens in Mul physically independent, 30% financially sound’

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 14 Sep 2018 09:02:04


 

Staff Reporter,

 

Financial independence is quite more in males than in females

Tata Trusts have initiated an elder care project in three districts of the country and Chandrapur is one among them. The project aims at enhancing effectiveness of the NPHCE

 


Dependency in eldery population

Physical dependence

Males


Dependent                          5.6%


Independent                       94.4%

Females


Dependent                          13.9%


Independent                       86.1%

Financial dependence

Males
Fully Dependent                  33.3%


Partly dependent                 34.4%


Independent                       32.3%

 

Females
Fully Dependent                  52.8%


Partly dependent                 33.9%


Independent                       13.3%

Elderly persons living status

Living alone                        8.3%


Living with
family/others                      91.7%

 


A survey carried out in Mul area of Chandrapur district has revealed that about 90% of its senior citizens were physically independent and around 30% were financially independent The survey was carried out by National Programme for the Healthcare of the Elderly (NPHCE), Tata Trusts, Janseva Prathishtan, St John’s Medical College and Government of Maharashtra.


This report describes the baseline survey done in Mul block of Chandrapur with Janseva Prathishtan as the local implementing partner and St Johns Medical College as the technical partner. Tata Trusts have initiated an elder care project in three districts of the country and Chandrapur is one among them. The project aims at enhancing effectiveness of the NPHCE.


The survey training, data collection and data entry took place from April 15 to 22, 2018, using a rapid cluster sample methodology. Total 360 sixty elderly persons, 180 males and 180 females, aged 60 years and above in 30 villages were chosen randomly for the survey. Interviews were conducted over course three days, using a 75-item interview schedule primarily covering aspects of socio-demographic factors, health seeking behaviour, self-reported morbidity, functional status, nutritional status and other health issues.


Of the total study population almost half (47.2%) of the respondents were in the age group between 70 - 79 years. Out of the total female respondents (i.e. 180) two-thirds (66.7%) of the elderly females were widows, and of the total male respondents only one fifth (19.4%) of the males were widowers. Majority (91.7%) of the respondents were living with their family or other relatives,and few (8.3%) of them reported to be staying alone. Of the total number of survey respondents majority (87.8%) of the elderly females had never attended school at any level, and less than half (40.6%) of the males reported to have never attended school. More than half of the respondents (62.2%) were not gainfully employed.


The findings under this category have suggested that single elderly women, among the elderly, were most vulnerable. Hence, there is a need to have a strong social intervention in the project with an exclusive focus on the elderly women. The social intervention should also focus on creating platforms in the villages to promote elderly engagement, as social participation among the elderly was found to be low. Such interventions would promote overall well-being of the elderly. Educational messages should use more of visual/ oral media as opposed to written matter. Enrollment onto the National social insurance program should be a part of the NPHCE rollout.


The report is written by Dr Arvind Kasthuri, Professor, and Dr Pretesh Kiran, Associate Professor of Department of Community Health St John’s Medical College, Bangalore. It has been edited by Dr Ankur Nair, Saraswati Padmanabhan from Tata Trusts. They were assisted staff of Janseva Prathishtan, Chandrapur district.