Challenge To German Left 

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 15 Sep 2018 11:38:59


THE events in the Saxon city of Chemnitz recently were truly frightening. The sight of Nazi-tattooed thugs growling threats as they stormed through the city center, chasing and beating up presumed “foreigners,” journalists or any other perceived foes, invoked memories of Charlottesville a year ago – or Germany in the 1930’s. Stretched-arm Hitler salutes from the base of the large bronze bust of Karl Marx in Chemnitz added bitter irony.

Especially alarming was the shoulder-to-shoulder friendship at the head of the biggest march by leaders of the “anti-Islam” PEGIDA, a violent right wing group, various other Nazi groups and the “respectable” Alternative for Germany party. The AfD, with 92 deputies in the Bundestag, is now vying for second place in national polls and eagerly awaiting the next elections. Reacting to the mob take-over, anti-fascist groups organised an open-air concert in Chemnitz with seven rock bands. Their slogan was “Wir sind mehr!” – “We are more” (or “We’re the majority”) and while six to eight thousand fascists from all over Germany had raged through town on Monday, August 27, very different crowds now poured into town the following Monday, also from all over Germany. Estimates ranged from 50,000 to 65,000! Mostly young people, they enjoyed their kind of music – which, that evening, bore a clear, sharp, anti-fascist message. While right-wing media sniffed that one of the bands was very far-left radical, even President Frank-Walter Steinmeier sent his blessing to this big boost for all those opposing the Nazi menace. Lines were being drawn in Germany!

That was on September 3. One day later it was followed by another key event, the long-awaited launching of a new “collective movement” – “Aufstehen” (Stand up, or Rise up! – and pronounced Owf-shtayen). It is led most prominently by Sahra Wagenknecht, co-chair of the LINKE (Left) caucus in the Bundestag, and her husband Oskar Lafontaine, once a top Social Democrat in West Germany, then a co-founder of the united East-West LINKE party.

At the press conference Wagenknecht explained: “Aufstehen – neither a party nor an alliance of parties – is rather a kind of loose association in which anyone can join in.” No-one need quit a party they belong to, just sign up, no dues, and you can tell us what you think (via Polis, an electronic system “for open ended feedback and participatory democracy”). About 110,000 have already signed up, she stated. “The aim of the movement, basically, is to encourage members of left-of-center parties to push them into more action, but also to impel voters who have turned away from the classical parties to fight for their rights… Many people are tired. They expect more from the parties. Those now fighting for a different political course are too few in number to win out. That is why we need You to join us if you share our goals!”

Supporters of Aufstehen point out that the Social Democratic Party has largely abandoned its close participation in the struggles of the labour movement and the fight to preserve world peace, especially in the past 20 years, often as part of the Government. This had cost it eight million voters.

Most of these, dissatisfied by stagnant and worsening conditions for working people and worried about the future, either refrained from voting or fell for the siren voices of the AfD, including their anti-immigrant ranting. Relatively few moved to the LINKE party, now all too stable at 9-11 per cent in the polls. This is particularly the case in Eastern Germany where, once much stronger, it had often joined in State coalition Governments, and many now saw it as “part of the establishment,” one of the “same old parties.”

As for the Green party, although currently gaining in the polls, it has been lampooned by a one-time founder and party leader, who is now joining Aufstehen, as “being no longer interested in fighting structural poverty” but rather in making life better for its well-to-do membership and going along with the military adventurism of the Government. It had even tempered its environmentalism.

“Politics has governed over the heads of the people,” Wagenknecht claimed. “At the very latest the events in Chemnitz have clearly shown that things cannot continue in the same old way and that we urgently need a new political departure…. Not all of those who took part in the right-wing marches in Saxony are Nazis…I am sick of leaving the streets to PEGIDA and the rightists… I want to weaken the AfD by speaking about what is really moving people… The dissatisfaction has become so strong not primarily because of the refugee question but because society is falling apart, because of the worsening of economic conditions … That means opening the doors to voters who moved to the AfD out of desperation. But not to the hard-core Nazis with their Hitler salutes.” This question is a cause of dispute in the LINKE.

Some claim that Aufstehen goes too far in down-playing the racist anti-immigrant, anti-foreigner aspects of the rightist increase with its attraction of confused or misled voters. They say Sahra Wagenknecht or Lafontaine should have gone to Chemnitz. Of course, this could apply to innumerable other leaders, but perhaps it hurts more in this case. She stresses the guilt of western nations, like Germany, in causing mass migration, and the need to end exploitation and weapons sales. But questions and debates on Left-wing attitudes toward immigrants, refugees and borders will hardly be avoidable if and when Aufstehen grows. The new movement, though close in nearly all other questions to the LINKE, is not aligned against any left-of-center party but wants to increase pressure on all three main ones.