UGC relaxes condition for PhD entrance for OBC candidates

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 06 Sep 2018 09:55:21


By Ajay Mardikar,

The minimum marks to be obtained in the entrance test for PhD will not be 45% instead of earlier 50% for SC/ST and OBC candidates

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has granted relaxation of 5% marks for SC/ST and OBC candidates, in entrance examination conducted by the universities for enrollment for PhD degree.

The minimum marks to be obtained in the entrance test for PhD will not be 45% instead of earlier 50% for these reserved categories. The decision has been taken by the Union HRD Ministry recently. The reason for amendment in the rules is stated to be inadequate representation of persons from these caste groups in doctoral research.

According to the statistics derived by the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), the number of students enrolled in the PhD is only 1,61,412. This is just 0.5% of the total number of students. The number of very less and out of this, the number of SC candidates is 14.4% and ST category candidates are just 5.2% and 35% of students belong to the Other Backward Classes (OBC).

With UGC imposing restriction on enrollment of the researchers for PhD, relaxing in marks appears a decision in contravention to the rule. This would cause injustice to other candidates, who are not in the reserved category.
About 2,000 students appear for the entrance test conducted by RTM Nagpur University. The passing percentage is very low.

The entrance for research has been made very strict. At the same time valuation procedure is very liberal. This has also adversely affected the research work and also participation of students of all categories. The quality of the research for doctoral degree is the most neglected area. Growing corruption has also affected the quality of research, which can be seen by looking at the PhD awarded by the universities opr holding discussion with the degree holders. Out of the PhD degree are only for getting promotions or higher pay scales. Its utility for the society is negligible.

Experts in the field feel that restrictions at entrance level is sure to affect quality research. Those having innovative ideas should be allowed and guided for carrying out research, instead of imposing strict procedure at entry level. At the same time valuation should be made very strict for ensuring genuine and quality research.
Relaxing conditions of marks alone will not improve the situation, as improving representation of people with lower quality of research would harm the backward classes in particular and entire society in general.