Set your New Year Goal scientifically

Source: The Hitavada      Date: 08 Jan 2019 12:07:24


By amit a nafde,

Have you made your New Year's resolution? Have you written it down in your diary? If not you should consider doing it right away. You may be aware that there has been lot of research on goal setting in last 45 years. It has been proved that goal setting help you to increase your chances of success. Exhaustive study on goal research at Dominican University confirmed that people who have written goals have more than 40% chance of succeeding than those who don't have the written goals. Just look back and see what were your achievements last year. You need to write it down in a specific manner explained here if you want to significantly achieve more than what you achieved last year.

Prior to 1960, goal setting was just a matter of motivation or a subjective advice. However in the late 1960s, Locke did a revolutionary research in goal setting and formed the base for modern goal setting research.
Often the management programs talk of setting SMART Goals. ‘SMART’ as we all know stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-bound. Our goals should be -

l Specific (simple, sensible, significant).
l Measurable (meaningful, motivating).
l Achievable (agreed, attainable) but not easy (Locke’s Study).
l Relevant (reasonable, realistic and resourced, results-based).
l Time bound (time-based, time limited, time/cost limited, timely, time-sensitive).
These criteria’s are the basic criteria’s that help you to set the goals and will help you avoiding common goal setting mistakes. However they are not sufficient to give you success.
Fact is that 25% people lose track of New Year’s resolution in one week and more than 50% people in six month. According to Statistic Brain study, only 8% people achieve the New Year’s targets.

All the research done has clearly pointed out at one thing- Your goals needs to be written down on a paper. This actually makes you more specific and your mind can’t deceive you. Writing ultimately help you to have your goals clearly printed on your mind. Success is ultimately the clarity of goals to mind.

Locke’s Doctrine- Set Difficult Goals & Be SPECIFIC
Locke reviewed a decade's worth studies on the effects of goal setting and performance. He found that for 90 percent of the time, specific and challenging (but not impossible) goals led to higher performance than easy, or ‘do your best’ goals.

For example, telling someone to ‘try hard’ or ‘do your best’ or ‘do as fast as possible’ is less effective than saying ‘try to get more than 80 percent correct,’ or ‘Finish that task in 30 days.’ Likewise, having a goal that's too easy is not motivating.

Setting comfortable goals will not be motivating and performance is not likely to get better. Person remains underachiever.

Clarity of goals on the other hand help you get to push hard and get better performance. Example goal should be achieving 65 kg weight and not merely losing the weight.
According to Locke and Latham, who worked later with him, these are goal setting principles that can improve chances of success:

1. Clarity - Define the goal, it should be clearly understandable and measurable.
2. Challenge - It should not be too easy to achieve.
3. Commitment. - You need focus on the goal and imbibe it on mind.
4. Feedback. - This is a part of goal tracking. You need to track the goal.
Research shows that difficult task and regular feedback gives best results
The study of residential energy saving was done in 1978 and two groups were given the Difficult task (20% reduction) and easy task (2% reduction). Amongst these groups, again two sub groups each were formed- in one group feedback of reduction was given regularly and other half was not informed about the progress at all. It was found that the only subgroup amongst these 4 where significant reduction of 14% achieved was the one where task was difficult and regular feedback was given
Hence make at goal and have a plan in place. Track the goal progress regularly and see that the goals are achieved. Plan can be modified - goal can’t be.
M. Buonarroti has said about the goals are very important. He said that what you get by achieving your goals is not as important as what you become by achieving your goals.
Hence make a new beginning- It’s 2019 waiting for us ……..

Happy New Year.

(The author can be contacted at [email protected])